Category Archives: P



By Paul Ndiho


Tensions are high ahead of general elections scheduled to be held in the Democratic Republic of Congo on December 23rd, 2018 to determine a successor to incumbent President Joseph Kabila who has been in power since January 2001. 36966218_303

President Joseph Kabila gathered his ministers and party officials last week at his farm in Kingakati, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), at the start of the presidential campaign. 

President Kabila announced in August that he’d abide by the constitution and step aside opening the door to the Central African nation’s first democratic transfer of power.

His announcement calmed tensions that had seen dozens of anti-Kabila demonstrators killed by security forces since he refused to step down when his constitutional mandate expired in December 2016.

President Joseph Kabila is backing Emmanuel Ramazani Shadary as the candidate of the Common Front for Congo (FCC), a coalition of ruling parties. Unveiling his platform ahead of a landmark election in the next month, Emmanuel Ramazani Shadary set out a $86 billion five-year development plan.

“I am convinced that the work of rebuilding the Congolese State, initiated by the President of the Republic, His Excellency Joseph Kabila Kabange, and which marks the way forward for us for an emerging Congo, will indeed remain the source of inspiration for all my political commitment.”

Analysts say this election is critical for the future of DR Congo, a mineral-rich country that has never known a peaceful transition of power since independence from Belgium in 1960.

In a bid to present a combined front against President Joseph Kabila’s preferred successor for elections next month, seven opposition leaders earlier this month picked a joint presidential candidate – businessman and lawmaker Martin Fayulu.

He drove through the streets of Kinshasa where thousands of supporters marched to welcome him back and show their support for the coalition.

“The state of mind is that we must at all costs wrestle democratic alternative, that is to say, to achieve this, we need elections. But what type of elections. Our objective is to achieve credible elections, that is elections with paper ballots without voting machines, with a clear and clean electoral list so that the Congolese tomorrow, when they have voted, that the results be per their vote.”

Police used tear gas briefly to disperse crowds that had overtaken the main road from the airport.

“We came to welcome our president so why did the police fire tear gas. We don’t want chaos. Our candidate has come home, and we want to be with him, they should leave us alone.”

“Tear gas does not scare us. We are going to show the traitors that Martin Fayulu is the real opposition candidate. We will show this to the world, and there will be a massive vote for him. The Congolese will vote for Fayulu as the common candidate.”

For a brief moment, it looked as if Congo’s splintered opposition was united. But those hopes were short-lived as the most prominent opposition party leader, Felix Tshisekedi, who had initially agreed to Fayulu as the joint candidate, later withdrew his support along with UNC party leader Vital Kamerhe.  The UDPS is the oldest and biggest opposition party in the DRC.

It was co-founded in 1982 by Tshisekedi’s famous father, Felix Tshisekedi, who died in February 2017.

In March this year, Tshisekedi was elected party leader and the UDPS’s election candidate by 90 percent of votes cast. According to DRC’s constitution, the President is elected in by plurality vote in one round.

According to the DRC Constitution, the President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo is elected by plurality vote in one round.


By Paul Ndiho

Big changes are happening in Ethiopia. Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed has embarked on a series of reforms since taking office in April. He’s tapped women to head top leadership positions, he is signing peace deals and cracking down on corruption. But what does all this mean for Ethiopia? ETHIOPIA REFORMS

Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed is generating worldwide headlines for pushing through reforms in stark contrast to his predecessors.

“Ensuring peace in Ethiopia is the government’s main duty. One way of doing so is by addressing the potential conflict zones and ensuring lasting peace. The current conflicts in Ethiopia must be resolved, but we are not worried they will jeopardize the ongoing reforms. The reforms were started by the people and are led by the people so they will not stop.”

Ahmed is from the majority Oromo ethnic group and was chosen by the ruling coalition, the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front, as its new chief after three years of street protests and strikes increased pressure on the party to reform and to achieve gender parity in government.

 “He’s restoring the rule of law in the country so that the Ethiopian people will have confidence in the system, in the judicial system, in the security system, and the government as the whole and part of doing that is holding these people accountable who have been charged with many crimes.”

In a historic move, the prime minister swore in Sahle-Work Zewde as the country’s first female president. In Ethiopia, political power is wielded by the prime minister, with the president’s role restricted to attending ceremonies and functions.

Nonetheless, Sahle-Work’s position carries significant symbolic weight and social influence, especially for young women.

“I Sahle-Work Zewde, today when I start my work as Ethiopian Federal Democratic President, I vow to fulfill my duties faithfully.”

Lawyer and women’s rights activist Blen Sahilu says Abiy Ahmed is setting a foundation that is creating free and fair environment for everyone to participate in politics freely.

“Women’s political participation, to me as well, is beyond cabinet positions. It’s participation at all levels and the participation of women who’ve never been in politics before. Women as voters, women as candidates, women as members of civil society and opinion makers, women in media. All of this works towards meaningful women’s political participation.

In another historic move, the Ethiopian parliament swore in Meaza Ashenafi as the country’s first female Supreme Court president. The appointment came two weeks after Abiy Ahmed named ten female ministers to his cabinet.

Earlier this month, the government launched a crackdown on senior security officials suspected of human rights abuses and corruption.

Ethiopia signed a peace deal with Eritrea in July that ended two decades of hostility, leading to friendlier relations between Addis Ababa and Djibouti — and boosting stability in the Horn of Africa.

Since the signing of the peace agreement, commercial flights between the two nations have resumed, telephone communications has been restored, and perhaps, more importantly, embassies reopened in the respective capitals.

And the UN Security Council this week unanimously adopted a British-drafted resolution lifting the arms embargo, all travel bans, asset freezes and targeted sanctions against Eritrea due to its warming relations with Ethiopia.



By Paul Ndiho

In the 1990’s, many African countries embraced presidential term limits and building institutions as a transition to democracy. But in recent years, term limits and institutions are under attack from incumbent presidents seeking to prolong their tenure. Africa's Strong Leaders

In his farewell speech, In July 2015, former U.S. President Barack Obama, while speaking to a large audience at the African Union Headquarters in Addis Ababa hailed Africa’s extraordinary progress, noting that such growth can only be sustained through continued development and democracy for all.

“When I first came to Sub-Saharan Africa as president, I said that Africa doesn’t need strong men, it needs strong institutions.”

Obama’s words did not come as a surprise. Why? Because Africa is at a new crossroads in its institution building process. Constitutional engineering to remove or circumvent presidential term limits and undermining institutions by some leaders is alarming.

For example, in Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Uganda, Rwanda, and Burundi, incumbent presidents have exploited ambiguities in the law to extend their terms as head of state — while simultaneously undermining their nation’s constitution.

Equatorial Guinea’s President, Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, has held power for 39 years, since August 1979.  At 76 years-old, he is still going strong, winning a fifth seven-year term in 2016.

Earlier this month Cameroonian President, Paul Biya, was sworn in after winning 71 percent of the vote in the October election, extending his 36-year-rule.   At 85 years old, Biya is the oldest leader in sub-Saharan Africa, and the victory cements his place as one of Africa’s longest-serving rulers. In 2008, the Cameroonian Parliament voted to change the constitution, to remove term-limits, so President Biya would be eligible to extend his time in office.

In December 2017, Uganda’s Parliament voted to lift the age limit for the presidency, setting the stage for the nation’s long-time leader Yoweri Museveni to rule indefinitely. Museveni had pushed to change the constitution in 2005, to abolish the term limits.

Rwandan President, Paul Kagame, won his last election in 2017, with nearly 100 percent of the vote, securing a third term in office. Kagame’s re-election came after a constitutional amendment which ended a two-term limit allowing him to possibly remain in power until 2034.

Across the border in Burundi, voters overwhelmingly approved a new constitution, extending the presidential term from five to seven years, potentially allowing President Pierre Nkurunziza to seek two more terms, beginning in 2020.

Political analysts argue that perhaps Barack Obama was right when he said that Democracy in Africa is threatened when presidents do not stand aside at the end of their constitutional term limits.

“I have to be honest with you—I don’t understand this. I am in my second term. Under our constitution, I cannot run again. There’s still so much I want to get done to keep America moving forward. But the law is the law, and no one is above it, not even presidents.”

On a positive note, not all of Africa is dealing with the strongmen syndrome. Other countries are rebranding and building stronger institutions. Leaders are elected through an open and transparent process.

New Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahamed is proposing and pushing through reforms. In a historic move, the prime minister swore in the country’s first female President, Supreme Court Judge and named ten female ministers to his cabinet, which is now split equally between men and women.

Opposition leader Julius Maada Bio was sworn in as president of Sierra Leone in April, replacing incumbent President Ernest Bai Koroma who abided by the country’s constitution and stepped down as head-of-state.

In January 2018, George Weah, a former international football star was sworn in as President of Liberia following incumbent president Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, who stepped down at the end of her second constitutionally allowable term.

And in 2016, Senegalese citizens voted in a referendum to reduce the presidential term limit from a seven year term to a five-year term, in stark contrast to many of Africa’s leaders who have successfully amended their nation’s constitutions.


By Paul Ndiho

Computer science jobs in Kenya are some of the fastest-growing and highest- paying — but a majority of people do not have access to a computer. Female coders in Mombasa, fascinated with the intricacies of computer coding, want to inspire other young women to consider careers in the field. DfUtBoKWsAA8Uos

Every day young women gather in a room at a Swahili Pot hub in Mombasa.  Their eyes are fixated on their laptop screens. They are learning to code, and develop mobile applications. Ruth Kaveke, Co-founded Pwani Teknowgalz, a nonprofit community-based organization that aims to inspire more girls to venture into technology.

“We started as a small group, but then we realized that different girls at the different universities we’re also facing the same challenges and needed mentorship and as time on went we decided to start this organization where we’ll have more girls from University, high school joining in.”

Ruth says she fell in love with coding after taking computer science classes while she was at the university and today she offers free classes.

“We’re doing website development and other students are working on computer essentials. We released that we can’t go directly to web development if someone doesn’t have computer essentials.”

With a good idea, an entrepreneurial spirit and an interest in all things tech, young women from all over Mombasa are finding that learning new skills is extremely valuable.

Aisha Abubakar, Co-founder Pwani Teknowgalz, says the female-led initiative empowers young women.

” Pwani Teknowgalz empowers young girls in Mombasa both at the University and High school to venture into Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM). We realized that they’re so many opportunities that are available in this filed and women are not taking advantage of especially in Mombasa.”

Abubakar says training girls and giving them the right skills, could help solve some of the community problems.

“They’re so many problems that we face in Mombasa  Starting from garbage, we have so many insecurity problems, water shortage and all of those programs can be solved either using technology,  engineering or mathematics.”

Aminah Muhamad took coding classes and since then she has created a business out of it.

“I’ve become a woman without limits. I’m able to talk to people, I can teach someone, I know about web development, and sometimes you need a booster. And I got that from Pwani Teknowgalz.” “I earn money through that, I develop websites for companies, and I earn money doing that, for example teaching kids how to use a computer”:

Youth unemployment is a massive problem in Kenya; official figures show up to one in two young people are out of work.

Aminah says having computer skills is a plus and could certainly open up opportunities for many others.

“The world of today, everything is about technology. You go to work, its technology, you walk its technology. So, that’s what motivated me to get into it.”

For young ladies whose dream is to think big and empower more young women, Pwani Teknowgalz, has its sights set on Kenya’s rapidly developing technology sector and have the potential to expand beyond Mombasa.




By Paul Ndiho

Over the last five years, Kenya’s innovation spaces have grown from just a handful to hundreds. “Swahili Pot-Hub” is the first tech hub in the Mombasa and it’s designed to be a multi-functional space where developers and start-ups can work and grow.


Located in the coastal city of Mombasa, the Swahili Pot-Hub has been getting a lot of attention lately in the tech world, and for a good reason.  It’s a place for innovation where enthusiasts and entrepreneurs come to solve every day technological problems. Mahmood Noor is the founder, Swahili Pot Hub Mombasa.

“Swahili pot hub is an innovation for technology and arts. We started it as a way of reducing unemployment by creating opportunities for young people. Who have creative minds in both technology and arts and the biggest problem they have is young people do not have a place to actualize some of the dreams and creativity that they have.”

Mahmood Noor says brilliant minds have never been in short supply in Kenya, but the channel to develop their ideas and help them grow into successful businesses has been a long time coming.

“We want Swahili pot to be known as a home of innovations. So that whenever somebody thinks of technical solutions, the first point of contact that they can think of is Swahili pot. Which is happening now in Mombasa.”

Noor wants to build an Eco-system that focuses on inspiring and developing young talent in technology, arts, and sciences, through networking, technical training support. The shared space and incubation concept is taking time to catch up in Mombasa. Similar areas in the capital, Nairobi, have helped many young people launch into the technology business.

“When we started the Swahili Pot Hub, we did not see it is impacting a lot So that’s when we decided to expand it and add the arts, and immediately we added arts and technology, the number rose from 70  almost 800 young people who are accessing and using the place.”

Like any start-up company, Swahili Pot Mombasa is not without its challenges.  It relies heavily on volunteers.

“Our biggest challenge is that how do we empower these people so that they find a reason to come here every day and even for their parents to see that whatever they’re doing is benefiting them and benefiting the society.”

Analysts say IPO potential startups are growing in Africa and the market size of East Africa’s biggest economy makes Kenya, with nearly 50 million people, an attractive location.  Several small companies have already grown out of the Swahili Pot Hub, many are dedicated to applying technology to solution-specific problems.


By Paul Ndiho


By Paul Ndiho

Investigative reporters are generating shock waves around the world for their reporting. As media houses, independent journalists and production houses are investing more money into in-depth reporting. But at what cost? NVESTIGATIVE JOURNALISM -1

It requires skill, extensive research using both secret and open sources documents, audio, videos and people to connect the dots. But at the same time, investigative journalism can be very risky.  Reporters often put their lives on the line to secure these stories.

An investigative documentary “The Profiteers,” done by Kenyan-based Journalist John Allan Namu and produced by Africa Uncensored, reportedly exposed Kenyan banks, government and military official in a South Sudanese money laundering scheme.

Earlier this month, protesters marched in Nairobi to demand that Kenyan authorities freeze assets of alleged corrupt South Sudanese leaders.

“The Profiteers,” a three-part investigative documentary alleges top South Sudanese officials laundered stolen funds and war proceeds through Kenya’s banks, bought property in Nairobi and Kampala, and are being protected by security agencies.  John-Allan Namu is the lead reporter on the series.

“Certain members of the business and political elite are taking advantage of the conflict or aligning themselves to politicians who are, literally stealing, from South Sudan and having that money invested here.”

A power-sharing deal agreed to in August by President Salva Kiir, and rebel leader Riek Machar has raised hopes for an end to the conflict.  But corruption remains rampant and activists fear the peace deal if it holds, would insulate South Sudan’s leaders from corruption charges.

Earlier this year, the Voice of America launched an investigation into the finances and promises made about one of Kenya’s most significant public works project ever – The Standard Gauge Railway (SGR) — a $5 billion bet on the country’s economic future.

The investigation dubbed “Madaraka Express” after the train, found resentment over land payments, disregard for the views of conservationists and concern that Kenya may be unable to pay back billions in debt owed to the Chinese, who, so far, and appear to have reaped most of the benefits.

The investigation also revealed that Chinese state banks loaned Kenya the money for the train. Then, Chinese companies cashed in on construction contracts. There are also complaints that the Chinese kept the best-paying jobs for themselves — and mistreated Kenyans in lower-skilled positions. VOA also found out that the Chinese used cheap material to build concrete and wire fencing to keep animals off the train tracks. In less than a year, the fences are failing. Lions and buffalo have been hit and killed. Now, all the original fencing is being replaced.

The Kenyan government promised jobs for locals and compensation for landowners along the route of its new train — but some Kenyans are still waiting for work and money for their land.

In the West African nation of Liberia, another lengthy investigative report jointly produced by Time magazine and ProPublica. “Unprotected” focused on the U.S. charity “More than Me” that was supposed to rescue and educate orphaned Liberian girls. Instead, one of its co-founders allegedly, repeatedly raped and abused multiple girls he was supposed to protect.  Macintosh Johnson, eventually was charged with assaulting girls as young as 11 years old.  His trial ended with a hung jury, and he died of AIDS in early 2016. But the investigation exposes how charity leaders, including co-founder Katie Meyler, for years failed to prevent Johnson from exploiting the girls despite repeated red flags.



By Paul Ndiho

Land reform is a hot topic across South Africa, as the country considers changing it’s constitution to allow for the expropriation of land without compensation explicitly. The policy is designed to redistribute land to poor black people to tackle severe inequality 24 years after the end of apartheid.13634084495_e57567263b_z

The stakes are high as South Africans gear up for general elections in 2019. This will be the sixth election held since the end of the apartheid system. The African National Congress party, which has ruled since the end of apartheid in 1994, is facing an uphill battle to retain its dominance and is proposing constitutional changes to address land issues.

The fight over land reform is expected to be a fierce political battle but South African president Cyril Ramaphosa says the proposed land reform is a lawful process that seeks to correct the legacy of decades of white minority rule that stripped blacks of their land.

“This process that we have embarked on should become an orderly process. It should become a process that will be underpinned by the rule of law.”  The people of South Africa of all races are working together through Parliament and indeed some other formations and right platforms to find a solution to this historic challenge.”

Critics say this reform attempt threatens stability, many landowners and investors remain alarmed.  In August, U.S. president Donald Trump, weighed-in on the issue with a controversial tweet, in which he ordered U.S. officials to investigate the situation.

Julius Malema, head of Economic Freedom Fighters party warned that his supporters would increasingly seize unoccupied land to put pressure on the government to redistribute land to black people.

“At the center of that economic struggle is the expropriation of land without compensation. We said to our people- the most practical way to get the land is to occupy the unoccupied land to put pressure on the state.”

The EFF won just over eight percent in the 2016 local elections and hoped to make a breakthrough in the 2019 general election by tapping into frustration among millions of young and poor South Africans.

“No, there won’t be violence about land. In South Africa we are very peaceful people, we are very robust people, and we resolve complex matters through dialogue.”

Black South Africans comprise 80 percent of the population, but own just 4 percent of the country’s land, according to the government records. Though the ruling African National Congress is pledging to close that gap, progress has been slow.

Mmusi Maimane leader of Democratic Alliance, South Africa’s largest opposition party, while launching its campaign ahead of highly contested elections in 2019 told supporters in Johannesburg that the campaign will be about land reform.

“There is an injustice in our country, which lies at the heart of the land question. As the leader of the DA I want to commit this to you, we will ensure that more black South Africans can own land through secure private property rights all across South Africa.”

The South African government has also come under the scrutiny of groups such as AfriForum, a group that represents some white South Africans. The group’s CEO, Kallie Kriel, says they fear they could have their land taken from them in the midst of a racially charged national debate over land reform.

“The figures are being portrayed falsely as if white people own all the land, which as I have said is only 22 percent, and that is being abused to try and mobilize people and building up hatred towards the white community. And those things we need to oppose to say what the real facts are.”

The land debate in South Africa is sparking similar sentiments in neighboring Namibia. A report tabled at the national land conference last month said 995 000 people out of Namibia’s total population of 2.4 million live in informal settlements and white commercial farmers own 70 percent of the farmland in Namibia.



By Paul Ndiho

U.S First lady Melania Trump has wrapped up her first visit to Africa, with a goal of highlighting child welfare and promoting the work of the U.S. Agency for International Development on the continent. Her four-nation tour last week included stops in Ghana, Malawi, Kenya, and Egypt.  first-lady-melania-trumps-visit-to-africa_30183309647_o-1200x720

Melania Trump’s first stop was last Tuesday in the West African nation of Ghana as she launched her first major solo international trip as U.S. first lady.

She landed in the capital of Accra and was welcomed Ghana’s first lady, Rebecca Akufo-Addo with dancing and drumming and schoolchildren waving mini U.S. and Ghanaian flags.

Mrs. Trump visited a children’s hospital -intensive care unit before going to the presidential palace.

The next day, Mrs. Trump visited the infamous “Door of No Return” at a former slave-trade outpost and gazed over the crashing ocean waves that carried millions of Africans to lives of servitude.

“It’s a solemn reminder of a time in our history that should never be forgotten.”   “It’s very emotional,”

Earlier, Mrs. Trump visited Emintsimadze Palace where a regional tribe leader granted her permission to tour the palace.

The ceremony was held inside Obama Hall, a building on the palace grounds that was renamed after former U.S. President Barack Obama’s 2009 visit.

On her second leg of the trip Mrs. Trump flew to Malawi – upon her arrival at Kamuzu International Airport.

She experienced a different view of educating children as she visited Chipola Primary School in Lilongwe, the capital of Malawi. The school is among those that receive education assistance from the U.S. Agency for International Development, including textbooks, but struggles with an enrollment of more than 8,500 students.

“I wanted to be here to see the successful programs that (the) the United States is providing the children and thank you for everything you’ve done.”

Critics say while the first lady highlighted USAID’s work in Africa, the administration of President Donald Trump has been trying to cut the agency’s funding by roughly 30 percent.

In Nairobi, Kenya, Melania Trump sashayed to the beat of African music as she was welcomed to an orphanage on Friday.

“Thank you for what you do and taking care of them,”    “Do you see the cameras?” she said to the boy before cradling another baby.”

On Friday,  she started her visit seeking to highlight conservation efforts by feeding baby elephants at Nairobi National Park and going on a safari there.

One baby elephant made a sudden move on her, and she momentarily lost her footing. But she fed formula to two of the elephants that are being raised at the park, patting one’s back and stroking the ear of another.

Ironically, earlier this year, President Trump quietly signed an executive order allowing Americans to import body parts of African elephants shot for sport from Zimbabwe and Zambia and encouraging wealthy big-game hunters to kill the threatened species would help raise money for conservation programs.

President Trump’s adult sons, Donald Trump Jr. and Eric Trump, are trophy hunters. Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke, who oversees the agency that lifted the ban, also is an avid hunter.

Smiling for the cameras in the shadow of the Egyptian pyramids, after a one-hour meeting with President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi – U.S. First Lady Melania Trump wrapped up her four-nation Africa tour in Egypt.


By Paul Ndiho

Sub-Saharan Africa continues to appear at the bottom of Transparency International’s corruption perception index – which tracks corruption in 180 countries. This year, during the 73rd session of the United Nations General Assembly in New York, several African leaders took the fight against corruption to the world body.

Corruption STA Package

Tackling corruption remains an uphill battle for most of Africa’s countries.  Transparency International, a leading global watchdog on corruption, says African nations are performing very poorly as a whole, even though some of the continent’s leaders are leading the fight against corruption.

For example, Nigerian president Muhammadu Buhari has taken steps to fight corruption, but still, it remains rampant under his leadership. Speaking at the UN General Assembly, Buhari called for greater cooperation between African countries to fight corruption on the continent — and to fight the illicit flow of funds across international boundaries.

“The fight against corruption, therefore, involves us all. It is in our collective interest to cooperate in tracking illicit financial flows, investigate and prosecute corrupt individuals and entities and repatriate such funds to their countries of origin.”

In Kenya, President Uhuru Kenyatta is cracking the whip on corruption, but critics say he has been slow to pursue top government officials, until recently when he asked all civil servants, public procurement and accounting officers to undergo a lifestyle audit. Now, President Kenyatta has taken his fight to the United Nations, saying leadership at global institutions are the major contributors to corruption and impunity.

 “Governments and the international system must address the broadening deficits in fairness and inclusivity. International organizations, which continue to demand good governance and accountability, must lead by example. And agencies should do so by taking necessary measures to combat the unnecessary evil for national governments to succeed in combating corruption.”

Angolan President, Joao Lourenco, has taken on corruption more directly than any of the country’s previous administrations.  Most notably, with the arrest of, Jose Filomeno, the son of former President Jose Eduardo dos Santos over the illegal transfer of 500 million dollars from state funds to a holding account in Britain. Jose Filomeno is being detained on allegations of money-laundering, embezzlement, and fraud.

High-level corruption scandals have also tainted the administration of Edgar Lungu of Zambia. The president fired a senior minister after the British government suspended aid payments to the country amid allegations of corruption of up to $4.7m (£3.5m) in aid payments that may have been embezzled.  Finland, Sweden, and Ireland have also suspended aid to Zambia, pending the outcome of the far-reaching investigation.

In Southern Africa, Emmerson Mnangagwa, the new president of Zimbabwe, speaking to a diaspora audience in New York City vowed to fight corruption.

“We’re going to fight corruption period.”

In Liberia, containers full of newly minted currency worth more than $100 million have gone missing. The cash is said to have been shipped from Sweden late last year, in the midst of Liberia’s elections to choose a successor to President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf.

The disappearance has caused public outrage in a nation that has long been dogged by corruption scandals.

 South Sudan remains at the bottom of the corruption perception index. Corrupt South Sudanese officials are allegedly taking illicit funds derived from the four-and-a-half-year civil war. A report released by the U.S. – based Enough Project last year indicated that several South Sudanese leaders had invested ill-gotten wealth in neighboring countries.

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