Category Archives: P


By Paul Ndiho

Pan Africanists believe that solidarity among people of African descent will enable the continent to fulfill its potential to independently provide for all of its people.  Historically, the Pan-African movement often takes shape in the form of a political or cultural movement.

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The “scramble for Africa” conference chaired by German chancellor Bismarck in 1884 ended with almost all of the continent being divided between a small group of Europeans countries – known as the partition of Africa in Berlin in 1884. Only Liberia and Ethiopia were not colonized.  As a consequence of colonialism and imperialism, the majority of African nations lost their sovereignty and control of their natural resources.

The Pan-African movement was born as a result of colonialism – initiated by blacks whose ancestors came from Africa.  There are many well-known pan Africanists such as DR. W.E.B Dubois, Marcus Garvey, George Padmore, and henry Sylvester-Williams and Paul Robinson.  Other notable Pan African legends are DR. Kwame Nkrumah, DR. Nnamdi Azikiwe, Jomo Kenyatta, DR. Kamuzu band and Leopold Sedar Senghor.

This generation of leaders were more outspoken about fighting for the rights of Africans. While some became Pan-Africanists merely out of curiosity and sentiments of black pride.  The majority of the leaders fought for the independence of new African nations.

W. E. B. Dubois, an African American civil rights leader, founded the us-based national association for the advancement of colored people.  He moved to Accra in 1961 and lived there until his death in august of 1963.

Today, he is still considered a symbol of pan-Africanism. Morandon Henry was part of a delegation that visited the home of W.E.B Dubois’s final resting place.
Dr. Kwame Nkrumah, prime minister of Ghana, the first black African country to re-gain independence, graduated from Lincoln University in Pennsylvania.

Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe, who became Nigeria’s first president in 1963, was a classmate of famed American poet Langston Hughes and former U.S. Supreme court justice Thurgood Marshall also at Lincoln University in Pennsylvania.
Dr. Hastings Kamuzu Banda, Malawi’s first president, graduated from Meharry medical college in Nashville, Tennessee.
Jomo Kenyatta was a Kenyan anti-colonial activist and politician who fought against British rule.

The pan-African movement also played a significant role in 1960, when 17 sub-Saharan countries became independent from their European colonizers, 14 of them from France.

Pan Africanism was highlighted in 2019, as Ghana dubbed 2019 the “year of return”, as the country is welcomed over one-million Africans in the diaspora to visit the nation and discover their African roots.
The year of return campaign was launched by Ghanaian president Nana Akufo-Addo in Washington, dc, in September of 2018. So far, high profile visitors, including several African American celebrities, members of the U.S. Congress, and other notable personalities have visited Ghana.






By Paul Ndiho

The “Compact with Africa” conference, which promotes private investment by G20 countries in Africa, is underway in Germany.  The event is being held nearly a week after marking the 30th anniversary of the Berlin Wall collapsed and the end of the Cold War.

Screen Shot 2019-11-21 at 7.50.32 AM German Chancellor Angela Merkel hosted the leaders of 12 African countries in Berlin Tuesday for discussions on boosting business investment in Africa.

Merkel announced that incentives would be created for German companies that decided to invest more in Africa.

“We believe — and I am deeply convinced about this — that more transparency can encourage more investment in these countries because for investors from G20 countries such as German medium-sized companies, it is very, very important that there is trust and that there is transparency, so that it’s clear where one is investing and under what conditions.”

Germany already has “reform partnerships” with a number of African nations including, Ghana, Tunisia and Ivory Coast, Senegal, and Ethiopia. Ghanaian President Nana Akufo-Addo talks about African products being sold on the international market.

“On the minimum price on the global market for the sale of cocoa beans from ivory coast and Ghana. The facts that are being put out about the farmers who produce the raw material, who earn a tiny bit of the value chain of the raw material. So we now make the conscious decision that we’re moving away from the situation whereby we’re just exporters and producers of raw material, to ramping up the value chain in our own countries.”

Germany put Africa and inclusive growth high on the G20 agenda when it held the rotating presidency in 2017.  The European nation addressed the root causes of mass migration from underdeveloped to developed countries.  Rwandan President Paul Kagame says Africa has a fertile business environment.

“We are showcasing how Africa is ripe for business, for investment and how far we can go. For example, the partnership we have had, Rwanda has had, with Volkswagen, Siemens now coming in, and SAP demonstrates the competitiveness of the economies of our continent, of our different countries. “

Meanwhile, German Chancellor Angela Merkel recently led a series of commemorations to mark the 30th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall, which divided the city during the Cold War. The wall was built by Communist East Germany to prevent its citizens from fleeing to more freedom in the West.

 On November 9, 1989, East German border guards, overwhelmed by large crowds, threw open the gates to West Berlin, allowing free passage for the first time since the Berlin Wall was built.   For many Africans the fall of the Berlin Wall ushered in new hopes of freedom. In South Africa, the long and hard anti-apartheid struggle had been gaining momentum nationally and globally — and in 1994, the country became the last African nation to be freed from white rule.

 In December 2018, U.S president Donald Trump unveiled a new U.S. strategy for Africa, to combat what was characterized as the “predatory” practices of China and Russia and their growing influence on the continent.

 Last month, the first Russia-Africa summit was held at the Black Sea resort of Sochi. It opened a new chapter in relations between Moscow and Africa.  Russian President Vladimir Putin hosted the African leaders at the conference aimed at boosting economic ties with Africa.

 Across Africa and around the world, the day the Berlin wall finally collapsed is still vividly remembered as one of hope happiness and freedom.

Using the power of Chess to young people


By Paul Ndiho

This a fascinating story about a Ugandan man who grew up in the slums of Kampala. His ability to use chess as a tool to mentor young people to overcome daily challenges and escape slum-life is just remarkable!  It is a story of hope and resilience.

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Ugandan influencer, Robert Katende was until recently relatively unknown at home and abroad. His story of keeping hope alive, and mentoring slum kids through the game of chess, is the subject of a 2016 Disney movie dubbed ‘queen of Katwe. A film that chronicles Phiona Mutesi– a young Ugandan girl raised by her single mother Harriet, played by Kenyan Oscar winner, Lapita Nyong’o. And Robert Katende played by David Oyelowo the Nigerian – American actor.

In his memoir, a knight without a castle, a story of resilience and hope, Katende says his SOM chess academy in the Ugandan capital Kampala has attracted significant attention for its work. The center encourages children from impoverished communities to play the board game to enhance their critical thinking, improve patience and develop other life skills.

“We are having so many social challenges, but the way the kids are growing up, they have not been allowed to be self-reliant, to make personal decisions, to be accountable for their actions. Now when they come to the chess game, the philosophy of the SOM chess academy and the basic is to use chess as a platform to instill these concepts into the lives of these kids so that we can be able to nurture the life skills required for them to be successful.”

Like Phiona Mutesi in the movie “queen of katwe,” who becomes very passionate about chess and so good that she ends up playing in international tournaments on the Ugandan team as a teenager in the 2010 chess Olympiad in Russia.   Sharif Waswa Mbaziira is making his mark too at the SOM chess academy.  The 17-year-old says he always plays to win and in 2018, his focus paid off when he won the bronze medal at the world junior chess a championship for the disabled in New Jersey, USA. He is the first Ugandan with a disability to represent the country in an international chess tournament.

“I won a trophy and medal and brought it back at home. Many people were like, they were not accepting what I have done there, and that is how my life changed. Now i go to school without any problem. I do what I want because of that chess.”

Despite all the hardship he has gone through, Robert katende’s ability to mentor people is impressive– and his journey to international stardom is incredible. His big break came when sports illustrated writer Tim Crothers wrote a book titled “the queen of katwe,” describing his role in Phiona’s life.  Amos Mwesigwa, a chess player, is one of Robert’s apprentices.

“If I keep playing chess, I become a chess master. I will have enough money to satisfy my needs to buy a car, to build a house, and to help other disabled persons who are like me.”

“Disability is not a curse, it’s not an inability. They can still make it irrespective of, that is why I say, okay, we are doing the same thing but differently. So, that is what I tell them, you are differently-abled, but you can still thrive.”

Robert’s success against all the odds illuminates a situation many may find difficult to imagine. However, perhaps, his life’s story will inspire you to achieve even greater things if you stay focused on what you really want. Robert’s work has caught the attention of world leaders, including bill and Melinda gates as well as the Obama Foundation, where he serves an African ambassador.


By Paul Ndiho

The US is cutting Cameroon from the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) over allegations of human rights violations in the English-speaking regions. The crisis has cost more than 3,000 lives and displaced more than 500,000 civilians from their homes.

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In a letter addressed to Congress on Thursday last week, President Donald Trump said the West African nation failed to address concerns over its “persistent gross violations of internationally recognized human rights” allegedly committed by Cameroon’s security forces against the separatists in the English-speaking Northwest and Southwest pushing for secession.   Cameroon’s longtime Leader Paul Biya succumbed to pressure last month and called for a national dialogue to forge a way forward. However, leaders invited to the highly anticipated talks boycotted saying they will not take part in any negotiations.

“I want to tell you that we invited nearly every one of them. They were invited, and some of them didn’t feel comfortable coming for reasons they know best, we wanted them to come and to take part in the discussions, this was a wonderful opportunity for them to come and air their views, and they didn’t come.”

Analysts say Cameroon’s national dialogue could have opened the door to a historic peace agreement, ending the unrest, which began in October 2016. Lawyers and teachers in English-speaking cities went on strike protesting having to use French in schools and courtrooms.

Clashes broke out in the following weeks. Some protesters were killed; hundreds were arrested and put on trial for charges carrying long sentences or the death penalty. Critics said talks were not inclusive and did not involve any discussion about a return to federalism — that many say is the solution to the conflict.

 “I think the dialogue was that it was very frank and sincere. For those of us who were in the hall could tell you how honest it was and the debates were very heated, I saw how I mean, some people in government acknowledge the fact that some of the positions that we were raising were the right position.”

Political analysts say support for secession continues to grow, as hundreds of thousands demand a breakaway state called Ambazonia. By 2017, newly formed armed groups were attacking army posts in the Anglophone regions. The army responded by burning down villages and shooting civilians.

“I’m not very satisfied because the root causes of the problems are not addressed, the root causes of the problem are from the state, and if the form of the state is not addressed, then we’ll not solve the problem. But yes, we’ve come, we’ve talked, proposals have been made, certain opportunities have been provided.”

Longtime leader President Biya has struggled to contain this unrest. He rarely speaks in public or meets with his government. In addition, is said to be spending months each year holidaying in Switzerland.  Last month, his government announced that that they would drop charges against 333 prisoners held about the crisis. Still, the move failed to appease separatists and moderates alike. They say thousands more remain imprisoned on trumped-up charges.

“I did not go to jail so that we could always steal the elections and have a single electoral code. No, I went to change that and fight for the happiness of all our children. I went to prison because I said no to the war in the north-west.”

“We went back to prison for no reason, and we come out with no reason. We went to prison for our ideas, and we are ready to go back to our ideas. We are not fighting anyone. We fight for Cameroon. You can be against a government, but you stay for your country.”

In what was seen as a positive move,  last Month President Paul Biya ordered a military tribunal to halt legal proceedings and the release of main opposition leader Maurice Kamto, and other opposition figures who have been imprisoned for nine months. They had been arrested after calling for peaceful protests against alleged irregularities in the October 7, 2018, an election that saw Biya easily win a seventh term.

Biya, 86, has been President of Cameroon since November 1982. He is the second longest-serving leader on the continent, with nearly 37 years in office.





By Paul Ndiho

The first Russia-Africa Summit at the Black Sea resort of Sochi opened a new chapter in relations between Moscow and the African continent. Russian President Vladimir Putin hosted African leaders for a summit aimed at boosting economic ties with Africa.

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Speaking at an extraordinary first-ever Russia-Africa summit, in the southern Russian resort of Sochi Russian President Vladimir Putin said he wanted to trade with the continent to double over the next four to five years.  He announced that Moscow had written off over $20 billion of African debts.

    “Our country is taking part in an initiative to ease the debt burden on African countries. The total sum of debt written off currently amounts to 20 billion dollars.

Trade between Russia and Africa has more than doubled in the past five years to more than $20 billion. Putin said Russia would be looking to “double this trade, at least” within the next four to five years.

Moscow was a crucial player in Africa in the Soviet era, backing independence movements and training a generation of African leaders.

The first Russia-Africa summit is part of a Kremlin drive to win business and restore influence that faded after the 1991 collapse of the Soviet Union. Back then, the Kremlin-backed leftist governments and movements across the continent throughout the Cold War.

Ladies and gentlemen, Africa is stepping into a new phase of its economic development, linked to a unique opportunity of the markets. Industrial potential and digitalization of Africa are on the increase, which is a result of the creative efforts of our nations and the policy of the states that encourage the aspiration of the people.”

Putin congratulated Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed on winning the Nobel Peace Prize this month, hailing his efforts to make peace with long-time rival Eritrea and discussed cooperation in defense, education, and increased trade relations.

“I would like to thank the government of Russia for always standing alongside Ethiopia when it was forced to defend its independence and sovereignty. We acknowledge Russia as a key partner in our development, and Ethiopia wants to strengthen this cooperation further.”

President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Felix Tshisekedi, said his country is keen to strengthen the relations between the two countries.

“It’s the reason that we are here in Russia because we want to strengthen the relations between our two countries. You spoke about an investment that still needs to increase, and we are takers; we are here to drive Russia’s interest in our country.”

Analysts say Russia is Africa’s largest arms supplier. Currently Russia has military cooperation agreements with more than 30 African nations and says it wants to help in combating extremism, including exchanging information between their security agencies. .

Critics say the summit is, in many ways borrowing from China’s playbook. Even though Russia cannot match China’s economic might, it is prepared to support African leaders with controversial rights records in exchange for access to the continent’s riches.

In 2014, U.S. President Barack Obama hosted dozens of African leaders in Washington DC to discuss trade, business opportunities, and security issues. A $33 billion trade and investment pact was announced to spur African development and support tens of thousands of American jobs. There were also significant new commitments to fund the Power Africa initiative.


 By Paul Ndiho

A large number of armed groups continue to exact violence on the Banyamulenge people, who are already in the dire humanitarian situation in South Kivu, the Eastern part of the Democratic Republic Congo. Since May, hundreds have been killed, and tens of thousands displaced from their homes. For nearly two decades, the Democratic Republic of Congo has been the scene of deadly ethnic violence. The United Nations says it has claimed millions of lives. STA CONGO VIOLENCE 400 CLEAN

A recent spate of inter-ethnic fighting in eastern Congo is raising new fears of death and displacement in the region.  The Banyamulenge people, an ethnic minority with Rwandan ancestry, say they’re being targeted by armed groups from the Mai Mai community.

Jean-Paul Ruhosha is among several activists who are sounding the alarm abroad.

 “A Massacre is going on in Congo – The Mai Mai are killing the Banyamulenge people. They’ve killed more than 250 people, they have been taking their cows, and the Congolese Government is watching all this.”

Critics say the government has done little to quell the violence, which has left thousands of people displaced in areas like Ituri, North Kivu, South Kivu provinces.

It’s a challenge for President Félix Tshisekedi, who came into power promising to solve the country’s problems.

Earlier this month, a top U.N. official urged the Security Council to help bring stability to the country.

“While continuing to support the Congolese authorities, to neutralize the unacceptable threat posed by armed groups, for the civilian population, we need to come together to strengthen state functions and its capacity to govern the country following the rule of law.”

Ruhosha and other activists want the international community to actively intervene, and stop, what he calls, the systematic killings of the Banyamulenge people.

“This has been going on since May. It’s a long term conflict, and they’ve been saying that the Banyamulenge are not Congolese people, and they started this massacre since May year.”

Another activist, Gedeon Bihonzi, says the Banyamulenge are DR Congo’s most oppressed minority. He wants protection from the U.S. government.

“We need that genocide to be stopped by either by the Government of Congo or the international community. Even here in the U.S, where I am. The Government of the U.S should stand up because over two hundred people have been killed, hundreds of thousands displaced, and nobody is doing anything.” People need food, need shelter, and need to be supported in all ways.”

Bihonzi warns Congo is on a dangerous path to genocide.

“The Government is systematically killing its people. Government forces deployed in the area, and when these Mai Mai rebels come in, they start to kill in discriminatory in the presence of the government soldiers.”

Some critics say part conflict is driven by politics in neighboring countries, as foreign armed rebels try to establish a base in southern Kivu. Ruhosha says politicians are capitalizing on the political insecurity. The Congolese government categorically denies these allegations.

President Félix Tshisekedi has promised to end the violence and has called for national reconciliation. But his critics say that’s not good enough. Meanwhile, violence in Eastern Congo rages on, and there appears to be no end in sight.


By Paul Ndiho

After nearly four years of talks, African leaders have launched a Continental Free Trade Area. The $3.4 trillion economic bloc aims to boost cross-border trade and usher in a new era of economic development.

Africa Trading Bloc

The African Continental Free Trade Agreement officially went into force on May 30. It was signed in Niger, by all but three African countries, and establishes the world’s largest free trade area, since the creation of the World Trade Organization in 1995. The deal will progressively eliminate tariffs among AU member countries.

African leaders hope it will be an economic game-changer that will unite more than a billion people, boost intra-regional trade, and unlock the continent’s enormous economic potential.

“African trade today is conducted on the US dollar, Euro and including the remittances. What this is doing is to reduce the use of three currencies in the bilateral trade settlement in Africa.  Because we estimate that that cost Africa between five to seven billion dollars. Beyond that, it also reduces the trade, because Africa has a scarcity of foreign exchange.”

However, the new free trade zone faces a number of challenges. African Development Bank President, Akinwumi Adesina, says if African nations want to step up trade and economic development on the continent, they must remove non-tariff barriers.

“The challenge cannot be solved unless all the barriers come down. Free mobility of labor, free mobility of capital, and free mobility of people, this is very important for the continental free-trade area.”

The bank chief also encouraged African countries to increase trade with one another and add value to agricultural produce.

“Africa has to industrialize. Industrialization is critical, and it is not just about moving raw materials, it is value-added products,”

Tariffs are a major source of revenue for African countries. Nigeria, the continent’s largest economy, signed the pact. Abuja had been reluctant because it worries protectionism could hamper the free trade deal. However, the Manufacturers Association of Nigeria says any attempts by that country to slow-pedal implementation of the pact could hamper the free trade zone’s effectiveness.

“Harmonization of the customs arrangement, particularly not just the custom tariffs but also none tough barriers, and technical barriers, I think these are some of the things that has to be negotiated amongst the participants in the agreement that will try to eliminate the possibility of increased dumping and increased smuggling,”

Some are worried Nigeria will be flooded with cheap goods from more competitive neighbors, and undermine the country’s efforts to revive local manufacturing and expand farming, as it tries to reduce dependence on crude oil exports.

 Adeleke Adeleye owns a thriving stationery company. He sees trouble ahead.

“It is not a level playing field, and it is a…to me I consider Nigeria the lion of Africa where we have the largest population, and we have the largest market, so it feels like we are giving so much for not enough,”

Observers say some countries will benefit more than others: South Africa, the continent’s most industrialized economy — and, arguably, its largest exporter — is already conquering much of the Africa with its brand of supermarket chains, banks and telecommunication firms. Countries like Ethiopia and Kenya, are hoping to tap into the continental market – investing heavily in railways, highways, and power generation projects. Eritrea, the only African nation that has not joined the pact, says its government supports the bloc, and plans to hold talks with the A-U in the near future.


Ghana is considered one of the more stable countries in West Africa. Since 1992, the country has held competitive multiparty elections that have led to peaceful transfers of power. But relatively little is written about the role of women in Ghana’s political history. Its former first lady, Nana Konadu Agyeman Rawlings, has written a new memoir, called, “It Takes a Woman”

You have probably heard the saying that “behind every successful man there’s a strong woman’. Nana Konadu Agyeman Rawlings, Ghana’s former First Lady, is a perfect example of one.

She was thrust into the political limelight, when her husband Jerry John Rawlings, seized power in Ghana in successive coups, first in 1979, and then in 1981. He ruled the country until 2001. Some scholars say the secret to much of Jerry Rawlings’ success is his wife.

A politically ambitious woman in her own right, Mrs. Rawlings was elected first vice-chairperson of Ghana’s National Democratic Congress (NDC) in 2009. Two years later, she challenged the late President John Atta Mills in a bid to be the ruling party’s presidential candidate but lost. 

In 2016, she became the first woman in Ghana to run for president, in an election that dubbed her the African Hillary Clinton. Rawlings lost after garnering less than 1% of the national vote. Her supporters blamed a narrow electoral college and too few women delegates for her defeat. 

But analysts say besides Ghana’s founding father and first President, Kwame Nkrumah, perhaps no other political leader has made as much of an impact in Ghana as Mrs. Rawlings. She is known for being a fierce advocate for women’s rights. 

She’s the founder of the 31st December Women’s Movement, an organization that works to eliminate poverty among women and children. In her memoir, Mrs. Rawlings writes about championing the causes of women and under-served citizens, while her husband worked to transform Ghana into a model of African democracy.

Ghana has seen years of difficult economic recovery and transition from authoritarianism to multiparty democracy. Today, working-class people widely cite her husband, Jerry Rawlings as one of Ghana’s best presidents. And, while they remain an influential political power couple, the country remains split over the Rawlings legacy:  some point to Jerry Rawlings’ association with political violence and see him as a military dictator whose Forces Revolutionary Council executed eight senior military officers, including three former heads of state.  Others are willing to forgive the violence and human rights abuses as necessary steps to achieve lasting change and those who suffered under his rule.

In 1992, Rawlings resigned from the military, founded the National Democratic Congress, and became the first President of the Fourth Republic. He was re-elected in 1996 for a second term. He recently served as the African Union envoy to Somalia. Ghana has remained a peaceful and thriving democracy but lags behind other African countries, such as Uganda, South Africa, Rwanda, in women’s political participation.


Since 2001, four other leaders – all men — have served as presidents. They include John Kofi Agyekum Kufuor; New Patriotic Party (NPP) was President of Ghana from January 7, 2001, to January 7, 2009. President Kufuor also was Chairperson of the African Union from 2007 to 2008.

John Evans Atta Mills President of Ghana from 2009 to 2012. He is the first Ghanaian head of state to die in office.  John Mahama first served as the vice president who later took over the presidency after the death of his predecessor, Prof. John Atta Mills. John Mahama, President of Ghana, was later elected and served a full term from July 24, 2012, to January 7, 2017.  President Nana Akufo-Addo has been in been in office since January 2017.



By Paul Ndiho

The number of authoritarian leaders in Africa has declined since 2010. However, not surprising, is there are still many African leaders that have been in power for more than 30 years.

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Western-style democracy is being tested across Africa, especially in countries where some of the world’s longest-serving leaders continue to hold power. In some cases, plans to remove or circumvent presidential term limits by some leaders are alarming.

By September 2019, five African heads of state had been in power for more than three decades each:

Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, age 77, has been president of Equatorial Guinea for 40 years. He is Arguably Africa’s longest-serving president.

Paul Biya, 86, has been President of Cameroon since November 1982, the second longest-serving leader on the continent, with nearly 37 years in office.

Yoweri Museveni, 75, the President of Uganda has been in power for 33 years. He was elected to a fifth term in February 2016.

Denis Sassou Nguesso, 75, has been President of the Republic of the Congo for a combined total of 34 years. He first served from 1979 to 1992 and then 1997 to present.

King Mswati III, age 51, is the King of eSwatini, a post he has held since April 1986, He has ruled over the kingdom for 33 years. The Kingdom of eSwatiniis is the continent’s last absolute monarch.

Other Leaders who have been in power for a long time include; Idriss Deby, 67, he has been the President of Chad for 28 years. He won a disputed fifth term in April 2016.

Isaias Afwerki, age 73, the Eritrean leader has been in charge since independence in April 1993.

Paul Kagame, age 61, has been the President of Rwanda since 2000.  In 2017 Kagame won with nearly 100% of the vote, securing a third term in office.

Other previous record-holders included Haile Selassie, the Ethiopian emperor, who holds the African record for the longest time in power. After reigning for 44 years, he was ousted in 1974.

Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi, ruled for nearly 42 years — he was killed in 2011, after a protest movement turned into an armed conflict.

Gabon’s Omar Bongo died on June 2009 after more than 41 years in power.

Angola’s Jose Eduardo dos Santos stepped down in September 2017, having led his oil-rich country for 38 years.

Gnassingbe Eyadema also ruled the west African country of Togo for 38 years from 1967 until his death in 2005. His son Faure Gnassingbe succeeded him.

Robert Mugabe Zimbabwe’s “father of independence” was forced out in November 2017 after 37 years at the helm, he died on September 6th.

Not all of Africa is dealing with a lack of democratic transitions. There have been several peaceful power transitions. In January, Felix Tshisekedi was sworn in as the Democratic Republic of Congo president, marking the country’s first-ever peaceful handover of power after multiple bitterly-disputed elections.

Liberian president George Weah and the President of Sierra Leone, Julius Maada Bio, both were elected through an open and transparent process.

Other countries are building stronger governance and leadership institutions.

Ethiopia is building stronger institutions. Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed has embarked on a series of reforms since taking office in April 2018.

It’s a new dawn in Sudan. Abdel Fattah al-Burhan is chairman of Sudan’s newly-formed sovereign council in Khartoum following the ouster and three-decade rule of former president Omar al-Bashir. Bashir tightly ruled Sudan for 30 years.

Elsewhere, tens of millions of Africans have used the ballot box to deepen the quality of democratic governance and bring about political transitions.

President Macky Sall of Senegal easily won re-election. Senegal has had peaceful transitions of power since attaining independence from France in 1960.

Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari easily won re-election securing a second four-year term.

South Africa’s Cyril Ramaphosa was sworn in as president for his first term and Malawian President Peter Mutharika was sworn in for a second term after a contentious election marred by allegations of fraud and vote-rigging.

In 2012, the African Union ratified the African Charter on Democracy, Elections, and Governance. But critics say the continental body has failed to take similar action against long-time leaders who have exploited ambiguities in the law to extend their time in office.




Thousands of Africans are joining the climate change protest movement.  Across the continent and elsewhere, they are calling for efforts to save the planet.

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Africans worldwide are demonstrating and voicing their concerns about climate change.

“We’re marching because we want to stop climate change, we want to save the planet.”

Young people in 160 countries recently protested, calling for a climate emergency to be declared, before it’s too late.

“It’s going to affect everybody, rich or poor. It doesn’t matter who you are, where you are in the world; it’s going to influence you. So it’s going to force us to work together.”

The demonstrations are partly inspired by the activism of Swedish teenager Greta Thunberg, who has staged weekly demonstrations, over the past year, under the heading, “Fridays for Future.” She is calling on world leaders to step-up their efforts against climate change?

“Essentially, young people have come together and said they are not going to allow this generation not to take decisive action on climate change. They are going to take action themselves and demonstrate to our leaders that the climate change is a catastrophe, that we need to reduce the levels of global warming.”

Experts say Africa is the most vulnerable continent to climate change — and the least equipped to deal with it. Many African governments are pleading for more support from the international community.

 “We started this when we saw the effects in Kenya like the droughts in the north, the fires that were on Mount Kenya. We are troubled that no one did anything about it, and we were seeing people in Europe and the US, they were protesting about this, but we realized that in Kenya, nothing was being done.”

A new United Nations report, entitled “The Heat is On,” showcases how the world can take swift and meaningful action on climate change. At a launch event in New York, Amina Mohammed, Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations spoke about what she would like to see happen.

 “When I look back on this Climate Action Summit, I want us to see it like a slingshot that helped to change our common trajectory towards sustainability.; where we built trust between this generation of adults and the next between our children and ourselves  that we are all working together to our fullest potential to tackle the climate emergency.”

The Central African nation of Gabon is working diligently to battle climate change. The United Nations announced this week that it is set to become the first African country to be paid with international funds to preserve its forests to fight climate change.

“Each year, our forests absorb a certain amount of CO2 from the atmosphere. And we are looking to find a new model to reward countries like Gabon, that have high forest coverage but with very little deforestation.”

 Norway will provide funding of up to $150 million dollars to battle deforestation, according to the Central African Forest Initiative, a program launched by the United Nations to bring together the region’s countries with Western donors.

The UN invited 500 young activists and entrepreneurs to participate this week in the UN climate change meeting, the first of its kind. Unfortunately, some activists were unable to attend after being denied a U.S. visa.

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