The conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo is arguably the world’s most deadly crisis since World War II and the death toll far exceeds those of other recent and more prominent crises, including those in Bosnia, Rwanda, Iraq, Afghanistan and Darfur.

According to a new survey released by the International Rescue Committee, an estimated 5.4 million people have died as a consequence of the war and its lingering effects since 1998. Paul Ndiho has the story